Skin & Nail Treatment
Allergies are triggered when your immune system comes into contact with a harmless substance that it mistakes as an invader, launching a reaction that can result in a wide range of symptoms. While some allergic reactions cause only inconvenience and mild misery, others can trigger life-threatening conditions.
Allergies start when your immune system mistakes a normal, everyday substance for a dangerous intruder in your body. Your system responds by attacking the intruder, or allergen. The body will produce histamines, which create allergy symptoms. Allergies can range from mild to severe and can produce minor irritation or result in anaphylactic shock, a life-threatening condition.
Every woman desires flawless clear skin and perfect complexion. But factors such as free radicals, hormonal changes and sun exposure can damage your skin leading to patchy pigmentation and dark spots, making you look older.
Pigmentation is basically the presence of dark (hyperpigmentation) or light (hypopigmentation) patches on the skin. It is a commonly observed concern. It is not life-threatening, but it can definitely give sleepless nights to those who desire a clear and even skin tone. Pigmentation can be classified into epidermal (superficial), dermal (deep), and mixed.
Atopic dermatitis (eczema) is a chronic, inherited, inflammatory skin condition with symptoms including areas of dry, itching and reddened skin. Eczema is not contagious.
Skin affected by eczema is more vulnerable to infections such as impetigo, cold sores and warts. Atopic dermatitis (commonly known as eczema) usually appears in early childhood. Patches of skin become red, scaly and itchy. Sometimes, tiny blisters containing clear fluid can form and the affected areas of skin can weep.
Fungal Infection Treatment
Fungal infections are very common skin conditions that can affect both children and adults alike. Some of the most frequently occurring fungal skin infections include ringworm, intertrigo, athlete’s foot and tinea capitis.
Fungal skin infections are caused when fungal spores invade dead keratin cells in the body. The infections are highly contagious and can be transmitted from person to person very easily, but they can also be found in communal spaces. The most common and noticeable symptom of a fungal skin infection is itching. Many of the symptoms will also be restricted to a certain area of the body - for example, tinea capitis affects only the scalp, while athlete’s foot affects only the feet.
Moles/Skintags/Warts Removal Treatment
Moles and warts appear common among people, unless they intimidate your esthetic appearance, they are harmless skin growths. Moles can appear anywhere on the skin. They are of different shapes and sizes. Moles are usually brown to black in colour due to pigment melanin. Sometimes moles can be skin coloured.
Moles are removed for cosmetic as well as medical reasons. Moles can be removed by two safe surgical methods: Simple excision (skin closure with sutures), or excision with cautery.
Vitiligo is a condition that causes depigmentation of sections of skin. It occurs when melanocytes, the cells responsible for skin pigmentation, die or are unable to function. The cause of vitiligo is unknown, but research suggests that it may arise from autoimmune, genetic, oxidative stress, neural, or viral causes.
The most notable symptom of vitiligo is depigmentation of patches of skin that occurs on the extremities. Although patches are initially small, they often enlarge and change shape. When skin lesions occur, they are most prominent on the face, hands and wrists. Depigmentation is particularly noticeable around body orifices, such as the mouth, eyes, nostrils, genitalia and umbilicus. Some lesions have hyper pigmentation around the edges.
Nail Fungal Infection Treatment
Fungal nail infections are common infections of the fingernails or toenails that can cause the nail to become discolored, thick, and more likely to crack and break. Infections are more common in toenails than fingernails.
Fungal nail infections usually develop on nails that are continually exposed to warm, moist environments, such as sweaty socks and shoes or shower floors. The infection is not the same as “Athlete’s Foot”, which primarily affects the skin of the feet. As a fungal infection spreads deeper into a nail, it can cause the nail to discolor, thicken and develop crumbling edges.
Nail Splitting Treatment
Onychoschizia, commonly known as nail splitting but also known as onychoschisis or lamellar dystrophy, is a condition that causes horizontal splits within the nail plate. Nail splitting is often seen together with onychorrhexis – long-wise (longitudinal) splitting or ridging of the nail plate.
Frequent wetting and drying of the hands is the most common cause of nail splitting. A split nail is usually caused by physical stress, nutrient deficiency, or wear and tear. A split nail is characterized by a crack forming in your nail. Nail splits can be horizontal, across the nail’s tip, or vertical, splitting the nail in two.
Nail Dystrophy Treatment
Nail dystrophy refers to poor nail formation, usually as the result of trauma or infection. When caused by trauma, the nail becomes discolored due to blood pooling underneath the nail. Over time, the nail breaks away from the nail bed until it detaches completely. A new nail will grow in its place, but it may not grow back properly if the nail bed is damaged in the process.
The nails become brittle and thin and the cuticles may become ragged. Occasionally the nails appear shiny due to the numerous tiny punctate depressions that can appear on the nail plate.
Nail Psoriasis Treatment
Nail psoriasis is nail disease associated with psoriasis. It is also known as psoriatic nail dystrophy. Nail psoriasis can affect any part of one or more nails. There are often scaly plaques on the dorsum of the hands and fingers due to associated plaque psoriasis. Signs depend on the part of the nail affected.
Psoriasis can enhance the speed of nail growth and thickness of the nail plate. Psoriatic nail disease is readily recognised in a patient with current or prior chronic plaque psoriasis. It is frequently confused with fungal nail infection. Fungal infection can also complicate nail psoriasis.